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BadCow / mAiLIEN

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Country: Russian Federation
*** Leo Kuvayev now in prison ***

Founded by Russian/American criminal Leo Kuvayev. Now all in Russia. Spamming "OEM CD" pirated software scams, fake pharmaceuticals, porn spam, porn payment collection, etc. Spam using virus-created botnets and seems to be involved in virus distribution. Partnered with Vladislav Khokholkov - aka "Mr. Green".

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LEGAL: Massachusetts judge orders Kuvayev to shut down and pay

Spammers peddled counterfeit prescription drugs, pirated software, and pornography
October 11, 2005
(617) 727-2543

BOSTON -- A Suffolk Superior Court judge has ordered Boston area "spammers" to permanently shutdown dozens of illegal websites and pay $37 million in civil penalties. The spammers, sued by AG Reilly in May, transmitted millions of unsolicited and deceptive email messages to peddle unapproved counterfeit drugs, pirated software and pornography.

The judgment, issued by Suffolk Superior Court Judge D. Lloyd MacDonald, stems from a May 2005 lawsuit AG Reilly filed against Leo Kuvayev and six other individuals with Massachusetts ties accused of running an elaborate "spam" operation in violation of state and federal consumer protection laws. Kuvayev, the ring-leader, listed a Newton address as his residence, and he and his associates used a Boston post office box address for their business operations.

Kuvayev's scheme involved a complicated web of Internet sites and domain names selling a variety of illegal products including counterfeit drugs, pirated software, pornography, mortgage loans and phony designer watches. AG Reilly's investigation, coupled with information provided by the Microsoft Corporation, found that Kuvayev and the defendants regularly and rapidly shifted domain names and websites to different Internet addresses.

Kuvayev and his associates are likely responsible for disseminating millions of unsolicited messages to consumers and businesses in Massachusetts and across the United States.

The judgment found that Kuvayev and his associates engaged in a pattern of unfair and deceptive practices that violated the federal CAN-SPAM Act. The federal CAN-SPAM Act (Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing) went into effect in January 2004. The law does not ban spam, but does require that unsolicited commercial email be accurate and honest, and that consumers be able to stop receiving the same spam over and over. The law requires that unsolicited commercial email messages be conspicuously identified as advertisements or solicitations, that the "header" information on the email -- including information on who the email is from and the subject of the email " be accurate, that the email provide a valid postal address, and that the email provide a functional return email address so that recipients can request that they not receive future messages from the sender -- commonly referred to as an "opt out" function. The law also requires the sender to place warning labels on emails that contain sexually oriented material.

As part of his continuing effort to combat the sale of illegal products to Massachusetts citizens over the Internet, AG Reilly has filed a series of enforcement actions targeting illegal activity on the Internet. In 2004, he filed the first state enforcement action under the federal CAN-SPAM Act against a Florida man accused of sending thousands of misleading emails from a business address in Newton, where the company owner had no physical presence. AG Reilly successfully settled that case last fall, prohibiting the business owner, William T. Carson of Florida and D.C. Enterprises, from sending illegal spam and requiring him to pay $25,000 in penalties to the state. AG Reilly also recently obtained a judgment against three out-of-state online weapons sellers who sold and shipped stun guns, switch-blade knives, swords, numchucks, throwing stars, and dirk knives to an undercover investigator in violation of statutes banning the sale of those items.

Assistant Attorney General Scott Schafer of AG Reilly's Consumer Protection and Antitrust Division handled this case with assistance from investigator Eric Funk.

Related URLs

Link to full article at the Massachusetts Attorney General's Office (

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