ROKSO Home  |  ROKSO FAQs & Policies  |  About Spamhaus  |  FAQs
The Register of Known Spam Operations
BadCow / mAiLIEN

Evidence Menu:

BadCow / mAiLIEN Index

Country: Russian Federation
*** Leo Kuvayev now in prison ***

Founded by Russian/American criminal Leo Kuvayev. Now all in Russia. Spamming "OEM CD" pirated software scams, fake pharmaceuticals, porn spam, porn payment collection, etc. Spam using virus-created botnets and seems to be involved in virus distribution. Partnered with Vladislav Khokholkov - aka "Mr. Green".

BadCow / mAiLIEN SBL Listings History
Current SBL Listings
Archived SBL Listings

MEDIA: Attorney general sues major spammers


BOSTON -- A state judge ordered the shutdown yesterday of what Attorney General Thomas F. Reilly alleged to be one of the world's largest spam rings, generating millions of unsolicited e-mails monthly for illegal products.
Reilly's civil complaint against Leo Kuvayev, alleged to be the ringleader, and six other people associated with two companies, 2K Services Ltd. and Ecash Pay Ltd., asked Suffolk County Superior Judge Ralph D. Gants for a restraining order to shut down the operation. Gants issued an emergency order late in the day.
Reilly alleged that the two companies flood e-mail boxes with advertisements for illegal and dangerous products, such as counterfeit prescription drugs and pirated software, as well as advertisements for pornography.
The attorney general made the announcement with Brad Smith, a senior vice president of Microsoft Corp., which aided the investigation by capturing thousands of the spam messages and tracing their origins.
"Anyone who has a computer and uses the Internet has had to deal with these spam e-mails. At the very least they are a nuisance, a tremendous inconvenience and very disruptive to our economy," Reilly said. "But in this case these e-mails went well beyond a nuisance. There are also very serious public safety implications."
The spam ring allegedly uses thousands of names and Internet domains, some of them registered in Monaco, Australia and France, and hosted on servers in China, Korea, Brazil and Taiwan.
While it's not clear exactly how many spam messages the group was responsible for, Smith estimated that the group generated "hundreds of millions of e-mail messages each and every month." Kuvayev is listed by the spam-watch organization as one of the top 200 spammers in the world.
The spam generated by the group and their affiliates directed recipients to Web sites promoting products that include counterfeit versions of popular drugs, including Vioxx, Celebrex and Viagra. They also sell pirate versions of popular software, include some made by Microsoft, and hardcore pornography.
The lawsuit alleges that the spammers have broken state consumer protection laws, as well as the federal anti-spam law known as CAN-SPAM. The lawsuit seeks restitution for anyone who lost money because of the spam operation, as well as fines, court costs and other relief.
No criminal charges have been filed against any of the seven people. Reilly said his immediate interest was to protect the public by seeking the restraining order, and that an investigation was ongoing.
Jesse M. Caplan, the chief of Reilly's consumer protection division, said that while the Massachusetts court can't force Internet companies to shut down the Web sites, most companies generally comply with such court orders.
Two phone numbers for Kuvayev and 2K Services in Canada were disconnected, and Kuvayev did not immediately respond to an e-mail seeking comment. Reilly said Kuvayev's whereabouts were not known.
Another of the men, Vladislav Khokholkov, reached by phone in Russia, confirmed that he worked for 2K Services five years ago, but denied that he was involved in sending spam. He claimed that the company was defunct.
"That's very strange, because I don't know where they get their information," he said of the lawsuit. "As far as I know those companies don't even exist anymore. ... I for sure exist, but I don't send e-mails."
The lawsuit said that Khokholkov could be an alias for Kuvayev. Khokholkov denied that he was Kuvayev.
The other people named in the lawsuit were Pavel Tkachuk, Anna Orlova, Michelle Marco, Dennis Nartikoev and Pavel Yashin. All seven are U.S. citizens, according to Reilly.
An e-mail to Marco was not immediately returned. Phone numbers for the other four could not be located.
John Mozena, the co-founder and vice president of the anti-spam Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial Email, said that the lawsuit may be effective in stopping this spam group.
"Will it have an effect on the overall total of spam people receive? No," he said. "These sorts of things might stop individuals, but they don't stop spam."
Reilly was among attorneys general from several states who sued Microsoft for antitrust violations. Microsoft eventually settled with the states, and a federal court set aside Reilly's demand for harsher penalties last year.
Reilly said that he had no problem working with Microsoft on the spam case, saying, "we may have had our differences, but that's over."
Judge Gants set May 23 as the next hearing date in the case.

This story appeared on Page A3 of The Standard-Times on May 12, 2005.

Related URLs

Link to full story

The Register of Known Spam Operations (ROKSO) collates information and evidence on entities with a history of spamming or providing spam services, and entities affiliated or otherwise connected with them, for the purpose of assisting ISP Abuse Desks and Law Enforcement Agencies.
The address of this ROKSO record is:

The above consists of information in the public domain. The Spamhaus Project makes every effort to avoid errors in information in the ROKSO database, and will correct any errors as soon as it is able to verify the correction, but accepts no responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions, or liability for any loss or damage, consequential or otherwise, incurred in reliance on the material in these pages. The Spamhaus Project makes no warranties or representations as to the accuracy of the Information in ROKSO records. The information in the ROKSO database is for information purposes only and is not intended as legal advice of any kind.

For information on contacting the ROKSO Team regarding any factual errors in this record, see the ROKSO FAQs.
© 1998-2016 The Spamhaus Project Ltd. All rights reserved.
Legal  |  Privacy